Signs of Drug Abuse – Seven Clues to Look For

This question is one of the most often asked when one of our presenters is speaking to a group of parents or teachers. How to tell if a young person is abusing drugs?

While there is no single way to know with certainty when a person has started experimenting with drugs, there are actually many changes that can indicate drug use. These changes are in the areas of appearance, mannerisms and attitude. Also there can be changes in participation in group activities, a lessening in motivation toward prior goals and a lowering of his/her general willingness to help.

Because a person on drugs usually needs to hide his activities, usual mannerisms begin to change. This “hiding” shows up in many ways, no matter how much he tries to make everything appear normal.

Watch for Changes in the General Mannerisms

1. The person cannot comfortably look you in the eye when speaking,being spoken to or approached.

Even though this is sometimes merely a sign of low communication skills and basic shyness, when it shows up as a change, it is often an indicator of drugs.

2. The person is very unreliable.

The person is not dependable, shows up late to school/work and it keeps getting worse, despite efforts at correction.

3. Generally sad, grumpy or a not caring attitude.

This could be the person’s normal way. However it is also a tip-off that there is a drug abuse problem, especially if it is a sudden change from the usual.

4. Short attention span, does not listen well.

Children are easily distracted. That is why the average kid’s TV show is a constantly changing, flash-flash of images. Keeping them focused can be a challenge. But the inability to focus could also indicate a drug use problem, especially if it is a relatively recent change.

5. Sudden change in friends.

Another strong indicator is a sudden change in friends, especially if the new group acts a suspiciously and rarely wants to be around the parents or in the house. This is another way that the person separates himself from those who might not agree with his new activities.

6. Monday morning ‘blahs’.

Some of the new “club drugs” often leave the user with a pronounced depression the day or even days after they are used. The more often these drugs are used, the longer the period of depression can last.

7. Changes in sleeping or eating habits.

Normal sleep habits very often change when a person begins to use drugs regularly. They might stay up late and then sleep away the day. They also might begin to sleep very little for long periods and then sleep solidly for 36 hours. these are indications of drug abuse.

Always be alert

At first you might not see any physical signs of drug use. It takes time for the body to show the effects, especially when drug abuse starts

Again, the most important things to be alert for are sudden changes in attitudes, and behavior patterns. Of course, the process of growing up is a process of change, but things like being tired all morning, or suddenly happy or awake after lunch or a break could mean the person is using drugs to get through the day.

A Guide to Help You Choose the Right Psychotherapist

We are all humans with emotions that vary with the situations that we come across on a daily basis. At times we are joyous, and the next moment we witness grave situations that lead to anxiety, depression and stress. Stress is something that isn’t visible externally as it is a state of mind where things do not seem normal as there is something that is always disturbing the mind and diverting attention from the daily chores that we perform. There can be several reasons for anxiety like loneliness, low self-esteem, loss of a loved one, sexuality, infertility, obesity, etc. which is often a result of the opinion the world has for you.

The role of a psychotherapist

Despite knowing the fact that it is our life and we are to love it the way we are and be comfortable with it, people like to live with the terms and conditions that the society puts across and no one can control that. This is when a psychotherapist steps in with practical solutions to get rid of the emotional problems that a person faces. The therapist would make use of logical methods that is likely to convince someone after a few sessions to deal with the problems. People get to accept the fact that such troubles are a part of life and one has to deal with it by being a sport especially when it comes from a stranger who isn’t likely to take sides and help with dealing it in the right way. People get to realise that change is something that would solve a lot of problems that people face when traumatised.

How do you make a choice?

Before you settle on a psychotherapist to help you out, you are to ensure that you come across someone who would help you with effective results and not any random person claiming to be a professional while whiling away the time that you book for a session. Here is a guide to help you through to make a right choice.

Get to know their qualifications

Coming up with effective solutions and therapies for people suffering from anxiety and depression isn’t a cakewalk. It requires the right education and knowledge on dealing with human psychology and understanding the traits that different people have. You are to know about their qualifications and accordingly analyse the fact whether they are the right people to approach.

Check on their approachability

You cannot often open up to someone who has an opinion of their own and isn’t interested in listening to your side of the story and accordingly analysing it. A psychotherapist shouldn’t be biased and should be an open slate where you can put down your points and accordingly come up with a solution without having an opinion. This is often a setback for people who are depressed as people do not tend to understand their state of mind while having an opinion.

Check on their experience with dealing with problems that you face

It is essential for you to be clear on your mental state and accordingly put it across to the therapist. The therapist should have prior experience in dealing with such mental conditions and should have a history of efficiently solving such problems. You wouldn’t want to waste your time and energy on someone who has no idea on how to deal with your mental state and letting you come out of it.

The author Cathy Smith has had experiences with hiring professionals for psychotherapy in Perth along with having relevant information on stress management counselling in Perth.

Four Signs You Should Visit an Urgent Care Medical Clinic

It can be difficult to determine whether a situation is severe enough to require a trip to an urgent care facility. Here are some of the key signs that you may need to visit this type of medical clinic.

The injury is not life-threatening.
It’s a little counter-intuitive, but some injuries are too critical for an urgent care center. When there is severe bleeding, chest pain or difficulty breathing, it’s usually best to go to the closest hospital. Even a well-equipped medical clinic does not have the same resources as a hospital if it becomes necessary to perform surgery. Larger facilities with more beds are also able to admit patients for longer periods of care and monitoring. This is particularly important with cardiac events that may require extended periods of monitoring and recording for diagnosis.

You just need a couple of stitches.
It can be hard to assess the severity, but small cuts and scrapes are well within the capabilities of the standalone ER. If you have access to distilled water, it is often possible to rinse a small cut and better see its length. Cuts that are only about an inch long should not require all the additional resources offered by a hospital. More medical care may be needed for lacerations that are longer, deeper or bleeding profusely. If the injury also involved the patient hitting his head, then a CT scan may be needed.

Symptoms suggest a sore throat or cold.
Common illnesses like the cold are perfect reasons to visit a neighbourhood medical clinic instead of a more distant facility. The usual antibiotics or injections can be prescribed without the longer wait times associated with hospitals. Walk-in patients are welcome, foregoing the need to make an appointment several days in advance with the primary care physician. A sore throat is just one example of the many common illnesses that are best treated sooner rather than later. Left untreated, the illness can cause middle ear infections and other types of infection. It is best to get illnesses treated in a timely and efficient fashion whenever possible.

You just need a physical or exam.
Again, one of the biggest problems with going to your primary care physician is the time you have to wait for an appointment. Most medical clinics are completely capable of performing the simple exams sometimes required by employers and other organizations. Especially when you need to get the exam finished on a tight schedule, it’s great to have the convenience of a local walk-in office. These places can also perform your regular annual check-ups, a helpful service for busy professionals.

Ultimately, there are a lot of variables that go into choosing an appropriate facility for a particular circumstance. If your paediatrician is located nearby, that may be your preferred destination every time your children present with symptoms of strep throat. Your paediatrician or family doctor knows more of your family’s medical history, which can help her identify long-term trends and provide a more informed diagnosis.

Find Out How Gardening Improves Mental Health

Looking for reasons to spend more time with your new found love, your garden? Here is one-gardening can enhance psychological wellness. Thus, whether it’s nervousness or incidental dejection that is bothering you, you can shoo it away with a little soil on your shirt.

‘The Conversation,’ a non-profit, independent media outlet which utilizes content sourced from scholarly and research communities, some time back led a survey the results of which affirm that spending time in the garden lifts one’s state of mind. This survey conducted with some 269 gardeners demonstrated that a significant dip in tension, anger, depression and other negative emotions takes place when a little time is spent in the garden. The study additionally maintained that people, who engage in regular gardening, experience a boost in their self-esteem too.

Various journals including ‘Psychology Today’ fortify this with results from other significant studies done in the same field.

So here, it gets out-and-out clear that popping a pill isn’t the only answer to a depressed life. A couple of hours spent in the sun amidst colorful butterflies, bugs and beautiful plants with flowers and leaves rustling in the wind are sufficient to make you feel emotionally light and better.

Even if you are not too much of a depressed soul and what bothers you is a little occasional anxiousness, you can use gardening to your advantage and calm your nerves. All you need is to spend some time fiddling with the plants in your garden and you will notice a sea change in how your body reacts to anxiety-causing situations. Gardening helps ease anxiety by keeping your mind hooked on the present. Quite obviously, when your mind isn’t constantly on that procrastinating mode, a ton of psychological issues get addressed, naturally.

Even individuals with uncontrolled anger can pacify themselves with the help of this amazing outdoor activity. All they need is to slash a few random branches off the trees, cut back pointlessly growing vines, pull out weeds and they can have their anger dead and buried. You may get as much destructive in your garden as you want but make sure the destructive mode you are on, doesn’t cause any damage to the plants in your garden, regardless of how furious you are.

So, clearly gardening is the panacea for all psychological sufferings. But have you ever wondered how gardening does all this? One of the most obvious ways in which gardening is able to support emotional well-being is by giving control. Pondering what control? It’s the control that you observe when you decide on the location of your garden, what plants grow in it, the time they get watered or the height of the soil beds. There are people in the world who feel overwhelmed or get depressed by the mere realization that nothing in their life is actually under their control. Having a garden in possession, where they can take care of the plants that they have grown on their own, offers them the control they, otherwise, find lacking in their life. This feeling of control boosts their confidence in an incredible way.

Besides, a couple of hours of sweat in the garden can bring to anyone a good night’s sleep.

You need more motivation to say ‘yes’ to gardening? Well, it cajoles you to work. When you do physical work, your body cortisol level plunges and feel good hormones like serotonin and dopamine rise. As a result, you experience a feeling of well-being when you toil in the garden. And who would mind that one-to-one connection which gardening helps develop with the nature?

For individuals, who are new to gardening or are apprehensive about letting others know about their gardening spree, getting the campus walls raised remains the best alternative. This way, neighbors and passersby won’t get to see your work or its outcome.

Gardening, without a speck of doubt, is an awesome recreational activity and no, you won’t have to start big. Begin with a couple of hanging pots and you can gradually work your way up. Trust me! Reuniting with the nature is not just fun but also remedial in its truest sense.

Personal Hygiene and Its Quintessential Roles to Health Enhancement

It refers to the set of practices perceived by a community to be associated with the preservation of health and healthy living. It is the branch of science that deals with the promotion and preservation of health. In everyday life settings, hygiene practices are employed as preventative measures to reduce the incidence and spreading of disease.

The terms cleanliness (or cleaning) and hygiene are often used interchangeably, which can cause confusion. In general, hygiene mostly means practices that prevent spread of disease-causing organisms. Since cleaning processes (e.g., hand washing) remove infectious microbes as well as dirt and soil, they are often the means to achieve hygiene. Other uses of the term appear in phrases including: body hygiene, personal hygiene, sleep hygiene, mental hygiene, dental hygiene, and occupational hygiene, used in connection with public health.

Home hygiene pertains to the hygiene practices that prevent or minimize disease and the spreading of disease in home (domestic) and in everyday life settings such as social settings, public transport, the work place, public places etc.

Hygiene in home and everyday life settings plays an important part in preventing spread of infectious diseases. It includes procedures used in a variety of domestic situations such as hand hygiene, respiratory hygiene, food and water hygiene, general home hygiene (hygiene of environmental sites and surfaces), care of domestic animals, and home healthcare (the care of those who are at greater risk of infection).

Body hygiene pertains to hygiene practices performed by an individual to care for one’s bodily health and well-being, through cleanliness. Motivations for personal hygiene practice include reduction of personal illness, healing from personal illness, optimal health and sense of well-being, social acceptance and prevention of spread of illness to others.

Personal hygiene practices include: seeing a doctor, seeing a dentist, regular washing/bathing, and healthy eating. Personal grooming extends personal hygiene as it pertains to the maintenance of a good personal and public appearance, which need not necessarily be hygienic.

Body hygiene is achieved by using personal body hygiene products including: soap, hair shampoo, toothbrushes, tooth paste, cotton swabs, antiperspirant, facial tissue, mouthwash, nail files, skin cleansers, toilet paper, and other such products.

The practice of personal hygiene has several benefits. Some of these benefits are discussed below:

• It prolongs one’s lifespan:
Since the practice of personal hygiene curb the spread of infectious diseases, it increases the number of years that one spends on this earth. Poor hygiene shortens one’s life.

• To avoid intermittent illness:
The practice of personal hygiene helps the individual to avoid intermittent sicknesses that is illness that when cured starts again within short periods or at irregular intervals. This has a great toll on the finances of the individual due to the unexpected paying hospital bills.

• Increase in productivity:
When all the workers in a firm maintain personal hygiene, it helps in increasing the general productivity of the company. This is especially the case in industries where specialization of work is employed. Factions of work are slowed down or even halted as a result of the sickness of a specialized worker. It results in failure to meet deadlines and this is very detrimental to the success of any industry.

• It increases one’s respect and personal ego:
An individual who maintains personal hygiene earns respect wherever he or she finds himself or herself. It helps him to gain association and friendship owing to the fact that everyone always wants to be with clean people with good smell and breath.

• Improvement in national life expectancy ratio:
If members of the nation endeavour to maintain good personal hygiene, the national life expectancy ratio will be improved or increased. This would reduce the total death rate in the nation ensuring national development.

There are various ways of ensuring personal hygiene.

• Body cleansing – The whole body should be kept very clean. This can be done by regular bathing at least once a day. Also, long nails should be cut or removed because they house pathogens that cause diseases. It is advisable to use local body lotions like Shea-butter that nourishes the skin and keep it dry and healthy. Periodically the nostrils and the ears have to be cleaned since its hairs trap dust that can be hazardous to one’s health.

• Hair care – The hair shouldn’t be left to grow especially for the males. It should be frequently cut down. If the individual wants to wear long hair then it should be kept very clean and neat. It can be tied or covered nicely when working or attending to other important duties in the firm. Local hair formulas can be applied on the hair to keep it in good shape.

• Internal cleansing – enema (colon irrigation): It helps the body to flush out internal waste and keep the blood clean.

• Laundry/ Washing of clothes – This prevents or minimizes disease and the spreading of disease via soiled clothing and household linens such as towels. Items most likely to be contaminated with pathogens are those that come into direct contact with the body, e.g., underwear, personal towels, facecloths, nappies should be thoroughly cleansed and dried before they are used.

• Cleaning of toilets and hand wash facilities – This is very important since it helps the individual in preventing odors and makes him or her socially acceptable.

Can Natural Herbal Medicines Be Used To Treat Chronic Diseases?

Herbology involves the study and the use of plants for medicinal purpose. The use of natural herbal medicine has been since the traditional times, and it has spread to the modern times too. Chinese, the Indians, and Egyptians used herbs to treat diseases and also assist in the body functions. They used to take the herbs in raw form, i.e., they were not processed, but they had the knowledge to know which herb worked where. In the recent times, the herbal medicines come in different forms such as the tablets, tinctures, extracts, teas, syrups and each is used in a specific way in the body.

The use of the herbal medicines has been on the increase, especially for people suffering from chronic diseases. Chronic diseases are diseases that have lasted for a long time, preferably more than three months. Some of the chronic diseases include different kinds of cancer, epilepsy, arthritis, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases, obesity amongst others. Doctors are now advising their patients to take natural medicines so that they are able to manage their conditions. Obviously, these diseases have been treated by use of conventional drugs for a long while, but the decision to use alternative medicine is for various reasons.

The primary purpose of natural herbal medicine is to help the body get back to its normal state and also aid in the healing process. They have been found to be more effective, much cheaper than the conventional drugs and last longer in the body than other drugs. Different herbs have different ways in which they work the body system. With there being an increase of chronic diseases nowadays, the medical cost is always on the higher side. This is because some doctors have not informed about the use of herbal drugs and also the pharmaceutical companies would like to gain their profits from their overpriced drugs.

Some chronic diseases have been found to respond to other alternatives such as acupuncture, herbal therapy, exercise so as to strengthen the body for better healing. The natural herbal medicines are not meant to replace the conventional drugs, but they are intended to work together to restore wholeness. For a person with the chronic disease, they will have first to be treated first so that the body returns to its normal function. While they take the herbal supplements, they should combine this with exercise and proper nutrition. For the chronic diseases that require one to combine conventional drugs and herbal medicines, it is advisable to walk with a doctor for proper guidance.

Natural herbal medicines work in the body by:

· Boosting the immunity of the body and promote the well-being so that the body can fight off infections.

· Increasing the production of melatonin in the body to calm down the nerves, hence one is able to relax and sleep especially in cases of chronic depression and stress.

· They have antioxidant effects that help in reduction of radical free cells in the body that cause toxic effects and cause diseases such as diabetes and cancer.

· Reducing the inflammation that is in the body, hence reducing the chances of recurrence of illness.

For people who will opt for the herbal medicine, it is best to know that they should be committed to self-care and healing for at least a few hours per day. For some chronic diseases, it may take longer to heal than others because of the microbes involved. Change of lifestyle is also advised so that you minimize the chance of the diseases spreading further or even recurrence. The most important thing to note is that before taking any herbal products together with other drugs, consult your doctor to avoid any adverse effects.

Points To Consider When Buying Used Gym Equipment

If you are on a tight budget, purchasing used gym equipment can be a smart decision you could make. However, the used equipment that you select should be in good condition. The following article provides tips that would help in making an informed decision when buying used fitness equipment.

Buying Tip

Irrespective of the equipment that you have selected to buy, it would do well to find out a reliable and trustworthy seller with a reputation for delivering quality products that are priced reasonably. When selecting the right equipment, you need to keep certain things in mind so that the purchased equipment does not falter when used later on.

Check for Functionality

Buying used gym equipment should not be at the cost of compromising on the durability. Ensure that the equipment is working completely fine. Examine the different features of the machine and find out the presence of any damage. Try the machine and verify if its features are working fine and safe.

Check for Maintenance

Take time to inspect and find out if the gym equipment is maintained well. It is important that no damages are done to the vital components of the equipment so that it is safe when working with the equipment. The presence of cracks and tears in the parts are the results of poor maintenance.

Check for Comfort Level

It is important that you feel comfortable at the time of using the equipment. Otherwise, there are chances of sustaining injury and health issues while using it. So don’t buy equipment simply because the deal appears lucrative.

Choose from Reputed Brands

See to it that the maker of the used fitness equipment is a reliable and reputed manufacturer and provides a warranty on the parts. So going for quality brands ensures the durability of the equipment.

Check for Warranty

Although used fitness machines do not come with a warranty, but in certain cases, the seller could provide a warranty of up to a year. Check with the manufacturer to find out if they provide after-sales service.

Go Through Customer Reviews

It makes sense to buy gym equipment that has a considerable number of testimonials to its credit. Searching online or reading fitness magazines about customer reviews of the equipment will help to judge the reliability of the equipment.

Buy at the Right Price

Before buying used equipment, find out the retail price of the machine. For this, you could go through the classified ads as given for the local area or browse the websites and compare prices to find the best deals available that meet your budget. Once the actual market value is found out, it would be much easier for you to bargain with the seller for the used fitness equipment. Before inking the deal, verify if any additional expenses like installation cost, delivery charges, and servicing cost need to be paid.

On the whole, it would be beneficial to do one’s own research before purchasing used gym equipment. Purchasing in haste could mean regret later. On the whole, an impulsive buy is not recommended when buying used gym equipment.

Charlotte Fitness Equipment is a leading raleigh fitness equipment dealer of top quality fitness equipment and having the best financing options available.

5 Top Most Important Features of Wrist and Knee Wraps

You may have seen them at the gym or worn by your favorite athletes – utility straps don’t just keep joints into place, they have complex roles that actually get to improve your performance. For this reason, you should do some research before you purchase. It is because not all such wraps are made the same. Below you will learn about the features that separate the truly reliable and useful ones from the rest.

1. The material

Wraps for training and workouts of all kinds are made of a special fabric. At least, it is supposed to be so. This is usually a polyester and cotton blend or neoprene that fulfills several important criteria. First, it has to deal well with moisture. Also, the blend should ensure that the wraps are flexible enough so they don’t hinder your exercise. These are able to stay put and don’t slide as you sweat. In addition, the best fabric is durable and lasts well in time, even if you use it on a daily basis and wash it frequently. It’s a perfect blend that guarantees elasticity and comfort, but also durability.

2. The grip

As mentioned above, this aspect is determined by the fabric properties. Try on the straps and see how well they keep their position. They’re not supposed to slide down your wrists or legs as you exercise. You need a firm grip but don’t wraps these too tight, as you don’t want to limit your movement and prevent blood from circulating.

3. The closure

You may have found straps made of the best materials around but if the closure isn’t reliable, then it’s all in vain. Pay attention to this aspect if you wish to enjoy the benefits. Velcro is still the most reliable option, as it’s easy to fasten and unfasten and lets you adjust the strap as desired.

4. The size

There are many wide straps from reputable brands, endorsed by great athletes, but you should pick the sized based on your particular needs. If you suffer from tendonitis or knee pain for example, the best choice is a narrow support utility strap of a special kind. It is enough if its wraps around just once. It will put pressure on key areas, to realign your ligaments and bones and relieve the pain.

5. The cushion

Cushioning is important in this matter, as it exists here to absorb the shocks. The wraps will stay in contact and rub against your skin for hours. You shouldn’t risk any rashes or skin injuries as you exercise. This is why you need to find a balanced cushion, which ensures a good grip but at the same time is soft enough to protect you and to feel comfortable as you exercise.

Besides all these aspects, you should definitely find a strap that is fully adjustable, so it can suit any size. As you wrap it around, remember its function and make sure it provides the much needed support.

Drug Abuse Solutions

Drug abuse today is a major cause for concern and has a negative effect on society at large. Though students constitute a large segment of drug abusers, adults also succumb to drug abuse. There is a tendency amongst middle-aged people to abuse prescription drugs.

The first step towards combating drug addiction is to make the abuser aware of the damage it causes the body. Most addicts lack confidence and must be taught to become a master of the situation and not a slave to addiction.

There are many institutions and organizations that help drug abusers kick the habit. The support of friends and family is of prime importance. First and foremost, an abuser must be committed to giving up drugs. Doctors and counselors are a drug abusers greatest ally in the battle against addiction.

People who realize they have to quit this dangerous habit may be too embarrassed or afraid to confide in anyone. They might even be worried that they will land into trouble if they admit to having this problem. Abusers must talk to anyone they trust.

Drug abuse solutions can be viewed from many perspectives. On a national level, solutions are based and discussed in terms of the reduction in supply of drugs. From a social perspective, solutions are usually discussed in terms of prevention, early intervention and treatment.

Prevention is better than cure. This adage holds good in fighting drug abuse too. Public education campaigns and stricter laws regarding purchase and use of legal substances are measures that have been adopted by states in the USA.

Many States have created coalitions of community and business leaders to address the problem of substance abuse. These groups run community-based programs that provide mentoring, tutoring, alternative activities, and life skills development for youth in drug-impacted neighborhoods.